"Hyperpigmentation is a common, usually harmless condition in which patches of skin become darker in color than the normal surrounding skin. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour, forms deposits in the skin." We all suffer from a form of hyperpigmentation, and this post is not meant to shame, but educate on the different product ingredients to look out for that can make it appear better, and manageable.
There are many causes for it, from sunburn, hormones, steroid creams, lifestyle and genetics.
Below are some of the best Ingredients to look out for, or products to treat Hyperpigmentation; Part 1
1. Azelaic acid
Known for its anti-inflammatory benefits, azelaic acid may be a good option if you’re dealing with both active acne and related hyperpigmentation. This may also work well for raised brown spots.
2. Vitamin C
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that helps keep both the inside and outside of your body healthy. It’s known by many names, including ascorbic or L-ascorbic acid. It is considered safe for all skin tones and may help in improving the appearance of dark spots and unevenness.
3. Kojic acid
Derived from a type of fungus, kojic acid is considered a natural bleaching agent. It’s often used for age spots, so it may work best for brown-colored pigmentation from acne.
4. Mandelic acid
Mandelic acid is a type of alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that’s made from almonds. It’s often used in combination with other ingredients as an anti-aging treatment for wrinkles and uneven skin tone. This acid may also be used to treat inflammatory acne. Amazing for all skin types especially sensitive skin.
Hydroquinone is a bleaching agent that gets rid of dark spots while also slowing down the release of melanin. This ingredient works best for darker spots on all skin tones, but you may need to avoid it if you have sensitive skin. Some people are also allergic.
Retinoids are compounds made from vitamin A. Although they’re considered tried-and-true remedies in the anti-aging skincare world, there are also certain products used for acne and related hyperpigmentation. These work by going deep beneath your skin to even out skin tone and texture.
Let's start with the popular, and versatile Niacinamide, this is an ingredient made from niacin (vitamin B-3). It’s commonly found in wrinkle creams and other anti-aging products because of its ability to aid in water retention. It can also increase collagen production.
Let me know in the comments which treatments you have tried, or where you have seen some of these ingredients listed in your products.